Software development

What is Team Development and its 5 Stages Explained

Although many authors have written variations and enhancements to Tuckman’s work, his descriptions of Forming, Storming, Norming and Performing provide a useful framework for looking at your own team. When each of the five stages is carried through, your group will feel more in sync and be a high-functioning unit. No one is afraid to ask a question, bring up a concern, or pose a new way of going about certain tasks.

team development process

For example, the seven-member executive team at Whole Foods spends time together outside of work. Its members frequently socialize and even take group vacations. According to co-CEO John Mackey, they have developed a high degree of trust that results in better communication and a willingness to work out problems and disagreements when they occur. Smart people tend to know what is happening in a group situation and how to deal with others in the most effective way. They have good judgment and intuition around the subtleties of group dynamics and the impact of their words and actions.

Organizations and teams can expect these outcomes after running a Five Behaviors program.

Teams with strong performance norms and high cohesiveness are high performing. In the performing stage, consensus and cooperation have been well-established and the team is mature, organized, and well-functioning. There is a clear and stable structure, and members are committed to the team’s mission.

team development process

If you ever thought of developing a new product, don’t wait any longer. We are a “one-stop shop” for developing, prototyping, manufacturing, and marketing new products. Explain how team norms and cohesiveness affect performance. We partner with best-in-class assessment providers to offer the most valuable assessments for selection, engagement, and development. As a Diamond award-winning partner with Wiley, we provide our clients access to purchase assessments and facilitation materials as well as become certified to use them.

Accelerating the process

Lots of tools offer free trials, so use that time to experiment and check its compatibility with other products you use. By starting with a free trial, you have the freedom to learn as much as possible about the product before committing to it. If you’ve asked team members to update progress documents weekly, check to make sure it’s being done. Set reminders for yourself to check in with team members, or send calendar events so that making updates is always top of mind and getting done. The main goal here is to keep the momentum going so that the project wraps up on time.

team development process

Each member of a team is valuable to the common goal in their own way, using a unique set of skills to fulfill a team role. And yet, everyone on the team shares the same orientation and attitude. Though this may sound easy on paper, balancing individual and common goals within a team is quite difficult, especially during periods of stress, failure, or discord.

It is essential to consider the fact that teams develop and get mature over a period of time. Team development creates a captivating atmosphere by encouraging co-operation, teamwork, interdependence and by building trust among team members. Norming is the third stage of the team development process. This is where groups begin to settle into a working pattern, appreciate one another’s strengths and become more effective as a team.

What are the 5 Stages of Team Development?

Your teams will soon learn that conflict is not to be feared, and that they have the tools to find a productive compromise. When your marketing team is remote, you can hire the most talented people regardless of where they’re located geographically. But you have to find a way to make sure team members are aligned and on the same page. Norms are only effective in controlling behaviors when they are accepted by team members.

Knowing what to expect in each stage gives you the opportunity to predict what could be around the corner, better support your fellow teammates, and have crystal clear alignment on all moving parts. And, when all is said and done, going through all five stages of team development sets the team up for success. There’s an increased chance of reaching the product goal within the timeline originally set during the forming stage. The norming stage of team development is like a months-old couple that accepts each other’s quirks and flaws.

What is team development?

In software development, there are various approaches and work processes. It’s a collective of individuals who combine their effort. It’s the integration of their unique contribution that makes it real teamwork. Every team member needs to be aware of the group goals and how they contribute to them. They need to know the various stages of the project, the deadlines, and their role. This is the general approach to forming a successful work team.

  • Early engagement of key people tends to foster trust and ownership in the process.
  • In the adjourning stage, most of the team’s goals have been accomplished.
  • Forming is the first stage of team development and is where a team first comes together, gets to know one another, and becomes oriented with the goals and purpose of the team.
  • The end of a project is naturally a great time to reflect, collect final learning points and think about what you might improve or do differently in the future.
  • Initially, during the forming and storming stages, norms focus on expectations for attendance and commitment.
  • When your team is performing well, it can be easy to get caught up in the moment and assume that things will remain at this high level indefinitely.

Problems and conflicts still emerge, but they are dealt with constructively. The team is focused on problem solving and meeting team goals. A team is a group of individuals who work together toward a common goal.

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That way, it’s built-in to the time and it’ll never go forgotten. As mentioned, some of the stages are team development may have some conflict, disagreements, or general butting of heads. However, there are some strategies you can do to help your team advance through the five stages with minimal conflict. Think of the forming stage like the first day of school or the first day at a new job. There’s excitement in the air and everyone is ready to roll up their sleeves and get started on the project.

They may be feeling some anxiety because of uncertainty about their individual role or future responsibilities. They may feel sadness or a sense of loss about the changes coming to their team relationships. And at the same time, team members may feel a sense of deep satisfaction at the accomplishments of the team. Individual members might feel all of these things at the same time, or may cycle through feelings of loss followed by feelings of satisfaction. Given these conflicting feelings, individual and team morale may rise or fall throughout the ending stage.

Whether through training, group initiative, or innovative leadership, team learning is an action step that ensures healthy team development. In the Performing stage of team development, members feel satisfaction in the team’s progress. They share four stages of team development insights into personal and group process and are aware of their own (and each other’s) strengths and weaknesses. Members feel attached to the team as something “greater than the sum of its parts” and feel satisfaction in the team’s effectiveness.

Team development sets businesses up to thrive—not just survive. This article will guide you through the significance of team development, its stages, and action steps business professionals can take to orient their teams toward a development mindset. The principal work for the team during the Forming stage is to create a team with clear structure, https://globalcloudteam.com/ goals, direction and roles so that members begin to build trust. During the Forming stage, much of the team’s energy is focused on defining the team so task accomplishment may be relatively low. During the Forming stage of team development, team members are usually excited to be part of the team and eager about the work ahead.

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Encourage good communication, keeping everyone informed of the progress at regular team meetings. Project management software helps to track individual tasks and the progress of the work. Everyone in the team can see how their completed job moves to the next stage. It’s a great tool to help you stay organized and keep control of the planning, the deadlines, and the progress. Some software can even help with budget management and communication.

Build relationships

Norms result from the interaction of team members during the development process. Initially, during the forming and storming stages, norms focus on expectations for attendance and commitment. Later, during the norming and performing stages, norms focus on relationships and levels of performance. Performance norms are very important because they define the level of work effort and standards that determine the success of the team. As you might expect, leaders play an important part in establishing productive norms by acting as role models and by rewarding desired behaviors. The adjourning or mourning stage of team development is where the group parts ways.

Help your team check in with each other by holding daily stand-up meetings or mid-week progress reports to see if everyone is on track and has the materials they need. You can also choose to end each meeting with insightful and constructive feedback that improves the group process. To take it one step further, leave specific time for this feedback when you outline the meeting agenda.

The skills of each member are fully optimized, supervision is almost never needed, and members feel a strong sense of trust in one another. As the real work kicks in, the project may present both technical and interpersonal challenges. Individual work habits, leadership decisions, or lapses in communication can cause tension within a team. Annoyance, frustration, and anxiety commonly arise in response.

Forming — Getting projects started

Having fun together can be an often overlooked element of team development. Seeing your colleagues as more than their job roles is something that should happen in the early stages of the Forming process but it’s important to keep engaging these muscles. Even as a team improves in performance, it’s vital to keep improving and engaging these skillsets in the name of better cooperation and team development. The terms we use for the stages of team development were developed by Bruce Tuckman, an educational psychologist, who published his findings in a paper titled Developmental Sequence in Small Groups in 1965. His theory, which is referred to as Tuckman’s Stages, is centered around his research on the dynamics of teams and team building.

Group reflection is an important part of improving on how you collectively and individually manage conflicts. In this exercise, you and your group proceed from reflecting on how you’ve managed conflicts in the past to develop a shared set of guidelines for managing conflict in your team. By including the team in this process, buy-in and follow through on these guidelines is improved while also giving space for effective reflection on previous conflicts. All groups are composed of individuals with different needs, communication styles, and working practices. When bringing those individuals together and engaging in team development, leaders will need to find ways to help everyone work together effectively and grow as individuals and as a group.